Essentieller Tremor

Essentieller Tremor (ET), auch familiärer Tremor genannt, ist eine häufig bekannte Bewegungsstörung, gezeichnet durch einen Aktionstremor (Haltung und Bewegung). Eine Anomalie in der Verbindung des Cerebellums zum Thalamus produziert eine Überaktivität im motorischen Thalamus und im Kortex, welche die Ursache des Tremors ist.

Unsere Behandlung ist darauf ausgerichtet, diese abnormal funktionierende Bahn zu unterbrechen, ohne den Thalamus zu beeinträchtigen. Diese Methode schont die normalen Hirnfunktionen. Falls nötig kann ein essentieller Tremor auf beiden Körperhälften behandelt werden.

Jahrelange Arbeit war nötig, um eine effiziente und schonende Behandlung des essentiellen Tremors durchführen zu können, in unserem Fall mehr als 20 Jahre. In dieser Zeit wurden die Tremormechanismen studiert und dank einer konsequenten Ermittlung des Zielgebietes konnte so die beste Kontrolle erzielt werden. Die gute Neuigkeit: wir können eine Tremorentlastung ohne Einschränkung der motorischen, sensorischen und kognitiven Funktionen erzielen.  Unsere Behandlungsmethode kann – falls notwendig – bilateral, d.h. auf beiden Seiten des Gehirns angewendet werden.  Die Langzeitresultate der Behandlung liegen bei einer durchschnittlichen Tremorreduktion von 80 – 90%. Es bestehen nur sehr geringe Risiken, hauptsächlich Blutungen im Zielgebiet, welche auf weniger als 1 % geschätzt werden können. Das Risiko von kollateralen Schäden um das Zielgebiet ist massiv reduziert durch die Echtzeitkontrolle der durchgeführten Arbeit, das Fehlen mechanischer Veränderungen sowie die Zielgenauigkeit im Halbmillimeterbereich.  Langzeitliche negative Effekte aufgrund der Ultraschallbehandlung können dank der Tatsache, dass es sich um eine Thermokoagulation handelt, ausgeschlossen werden, die langzeitig sehr schonende Methode ist bewiesen durch mehr als 60 Jahre Arbeit in der funktionellen Neurochirurgie mit Anwendung von Radiofrequenz-Thermokoagulation. Da bei der funktionellen Ultraschall-Neurochirurgie die ausgewählten Zielpunkte denen entsprechen, welche während mehr als 20 Jahren mittels Elektrodenpenetration behandelt wurden, können die gleichen Langzeitresultate erwartet werden. Dies ist durch unsere Resultate über ein Jahr bereits bestätigt.

Behandlungsresultate

Wir lassen unsere Patienten vor und nach der Behandlung Spiralen und Linien zeichnen. Die präoperativen Ergebnisse von vier Patienten sind hier gezeigt. Wenn Sie auf jedes Bild klicken können Sie die postoperativen Ergebnisse sehen.

  • Patient 1

    1. Before
    2. After
  • Patient 2

    1. Before
    2. After
  • Patient 3

    1. Before
    2. After
  • Patient 4

    1. Before
    2. After

Patientenerfahrungen

Brief publiziert auf die National Tremor Foundation (UK) Webseite:

MR-Guided Focussed Ultrasound (MRgFUS) – A patient’s experience

– Dr Peter Bain’s patient letter

I am a 68-year-old man. As a child I had a mild tremor, which did not bother me very much. I learned to adapt my handwriting and became good at art and later became an architect. I began my architectural career with a world renown practice and later started my own award winning practice which I ran until October 2014 when I gave it up mainly because I could not cope with the disability of essential tremor.

My difficulty with essential tremor really began about 12 years go. My tremor began to worsen without reason. The tremor was worse on my right hand, my dominant side. I noted during times of stress the tremor would worsen. For example social occasions, writing cheques in banks, meetings, presentations etc. I began to avoid stressful situations and sought help from Consultant Neurologists. My tremor was diagnosed as hereditary essential tremor. My late mother had disabling tremor.

During 2008 I began various courses of drug therapies, first Gabpentin followed by Propranolol, Primidone, Topiramate and Mirtazapine for restless leg. The anti-tremor drugs tended to initially reduce the amplitude of the tremor but tended to leave me lethargic. After a period I tended to become resistant to each of the drugs and the tremor increased. When the tremor became disabling. I could not write, I could not pick up food with a fork except by stabbing it or using a spoon with two hands. I drank holding a cup with two hands and invented strategies for coping with day to day tasks such as leaning forearms on the table to assist with steading my hands. At times I found it difficult to control a computer mouse, repeatedly clicking unintentionally or unable to move the arrow where I wanted it to go. Each day was different, some days so bad I felt helpless.

I began to seriously consider the alternatives and discussed this with the Consultant Neurologist treating me at the time. Dr. Bain. The option to drugs available in this country is deep brain stimulation. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence gives advice on safety using deep brain stimulation. The report notes complications could result in further surgery, infections, oedema, hardware failure, haemorrhage, dysarthia, speech disturbance, cerebal oedema and death. Other complications might include stroke, speech impairment, cognitive impairment, depression, suicide, and risk of injury during subsequent magnetic resonance imaging. It is for these reasons that I felt a great reluctance to undergo treatment using conventional deep brain stimulation. The alternative to this which Dr Bain introduced me to is MR guided focussed ultrasound treatment which is available commercially in Switzerland under Professor Dr. Daniel Jeanmonod at the Center for Ultrasound Functional Neurosurgery, Solothurn.

On September 2nd 2015 I underwent incisionless transcranial MR-guided Functional Ultrasound Neurosurgery.

A local anaesthesia is applied to the head to allow the fixation of a metal ring. The ultrasound helmet is positioned around my head with a silicone membrane closing the space between my head and the helmet to allow cooled water to circulate. The head is then brought in position in the MR bore so that more that 1000 ultrasound waves are focused for the procedure. The target in the brain is first exposed to low temperatures to determine the precise centering and then progressively increased to the final temperature to perform a left cerebello-thalamic tractotomy (thalamotomy or burn within the thalamus) and a right-sided centrum medianum thalamotomy. I was awake during the procedure, which lasted 3-4 hours with minor discomfort from the heat from the procedure. I stayed overnight in the clinic under observation, but apart from that felt no pain or discomfort.

Immediately following treatment, the tremor in my right arm and hand was completely cured and remains so. I am now able to write again in my original (pre-tremor) style of handwriting and to draw. I still have tremor in my left hand and continue to take anti-tremor drug therapy. A slight instability in my right leg during walking and a feeling of heaviness in both legs that were present after surgery has since disappeared.

Overall I am very happy with my postoperative experience, Apart from the above I felt well and able to visit the local museums and explore the town of Solothurn.

MR-guided Functional Ultrasound Neurosurgery has frankly given me back my life; My only regret is that I did not have the treatment sooner.

*

Dr Peter Bain MBBS MA(Oxon) MD FRCP
Reader & Honorary Consultant in Clinical Neurology