Stereotactic neurosurgery aims at placing therapeutic lesions or chronic stimulating electrodes at very precise locations within the brain. Microelectrode recording and macrostimulation are used in addition to anatomoradiological techniques to optimize targeting. Recently, the usefulness of electrophysiological procedures has been questioned. Based on more than 500 therapeutic stereotactic lesions in the last 10 years at the thalamic and subthalamic levels, we evaluate here retrospectively the utility of the two electrophysiological procedures. In two of the three stereotactic targets considered in this study, intraoperative electrophysiological confirmation is mandatory because of the target size with respect to interindividual anatomical variations and of the more or less close vicinity of eloquent structures.

Neurophysiol Clin. 2001 Aug;31(4):230-8.

PMID: 11596530